Accounting and Financial Reporting Feed

financial reporting

The AICPA works closely with the Financial Accounting Standards Board and other accounting regulators for the mutual goal of improving financial reporting. The AICPA provides accounting guidance via audit and accounting guides and issues papers, recommends to Financial Accounting Standards Board topics worthy of standard setting, and advocates its beliefs on needed outcomes on proposed accounting standards.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

Credit losses: A new scope

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If you have put off reviewing the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (FASB) new Credit Loss standard since its effective date is “in a galaxy far, far away,” you are not alone

This is the largest accounting standard change affecting depository institutions (and other industries) within the last 40 years, so it can be intimidating for management to get started. Plus, the amount of flexibility and professional judgement allowed within the standard itself has caused confusion and fear, making it hard even to begin.

Do not give into your fear. “Fear is the path to the Dark Side.” Instead, read below to digest the new standard piecemeal, and to understand what it does and doesn’t say. Then you will have the tools needed to take the steps to implement it. 

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7 key steps to master revenue recognition implementation

Deadline loomingStandard setters have made game-changing revisions to revenue recognition standards, and the effective date for implementation is fast-approaching. The new standard replaces the existing transaction- and industry-specific revenue approach with a principles-based approach. Is your organization ready for this shift?

The new standard was originally issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board as Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (the International Accounting Standards Board has also issued guidance with the same name), and several clarifying amendments have since been issued. The guidance affects all entities—public, private and not-for-profit—that have contracts with customers. The standard’s original effective date was postponed because of the complexity involved.

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Tips on Tackling Revenue Recognition Implementation

Shutterstock_112806709“It has been a massive undertaking.”

“There are seven major differences between the old and new guidance.”

“The standard changed the accounting answer for us in a few areas.”

Those are just a few observations from leaders at Oracle regarding their experience implementing the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s landmark accounting standard, Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). The new guidance supersedes the current guidance in Accounting Standards Update 605, Revenue Recognition. The standard’s initial effective date was deferred, but now it’s almost here. Organizations that haven’t done so already definitely need to take the necessary steps toward compliance ASAP, and firms should advise their clients, too.

To learn more about Oracle’s successful approach to revenue recognition implementation, AICPA Chairman Kimberly Ellison-Taylor, CPA, CGMA, Global Accounting Strategy Director for the Financial and Professional Services Industries for Oracle America, sat down with two colleagues to discuss the company’s experiences preparing to put the standard to work.    

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Find Answers to Your Cash and Tax Basis Questions

Shutterstock_123504565Why do cats purr? Why are pizza boxes square when the pizza is round? Sometimes it’s hard to find a single answer – let alone the right answer - to your questions. Do you know where to turn to when you have a question about the income tax basis or cash basis of accounting? Practitioners frequently ask questions about how to account for transactions using these special purpose frameworks. What they quickly find is a lack of authoritative guidance. Searching and googling can give you umpteen answers. But you need the right one.

The Center for Plain English Accounting, AICPA’s national accounting and auditing (A&A) resource center, often answers questions about the tax and cash bases of accounting. For example, the following two questions were recently posed by members:

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Top Issues for Not-for-Profits This Year

Shutterstock_81589264As auditors and management begin to prepare for June 30 year-end audits, it’s a good time to share some of the top concerns for not-for-profits this year. How can not-for-profits reassure donors that their contributions are in safe hands? What key implementation issues on new accounting standards updates are not-for-profits grappling with? Outlined below are four topics that should not be overlooked.

  1. Cybersecurity

In addition to common hacking risks, not-for-profits that accept electronic contributions are targets for credit card fraud. While retailers collect certain personal information to set up customer accounts and ship goods, not-for-profits often forgo requiring that level of detail to make donating simple. Unfortunately, this makes not-for-profits an easier testing ground for stolen credit card data. Not-for-profit entities with real-time credit card authorization and settlement are even more likely to fall victim because real-time verification makes the stolen data more valuable. These organizations then bear the burden of repaying fraudulent donations in addition to paying fees related to the refunds. Organizations that use electronic methods to accept contributions should consider adopting appropriate controls to ensure revenues are properly recognized and that cash receipts are safeguarded.

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