4 Key Facts about the New FASB Not-for-Profit Standard

Shutterstock_413674186Are you ready for significant changes to the financial statements of not-for-profit organizations? 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board recently released Accounting Standards Update (ASU) 2016-14 Not-for-Profit Entities (Topic 958): Presentation of Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Entities.  ASU 2016-14 is the result of a multi-year FASB project conducted to review the financial reporting model for not-for-profits that has been in place for approximately 20 years.  As a result of the review, the FASB identified several areas of the financial reporting model that needed improvements or updates to provide better information to those that rely on the financial statements issued by not-for-profits. 

The full standard spans 270 pages (view it here) but it is not as daunting as it may seem. Here are four key facts about the new standard to keep in mind:

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7 Key Communication Points for Your Clients with Extended Returns

SevenAs the final extension deadline of October 15 (for individual clients) approaches, it is hard to believe it is almost time to flip the calendar to another year. Although finalizing your client’s 2015 Form 1040 is the most pressing item on the agenda, it’s important to focus on year-end planning. The good news is that with the tax legislation signed last December, tax planning should be easier since many provisions were extended through 2016 (or longer) or made permanent.  However, this is a presidential election year, and there is uncertainty about how a political change might impact tax reform and/or legislation.

Let’s focus on the good news (and what we can do for our clients). Here are seven topics to discuss with your clients as you wrap up their 2015 returns that will provide them the extra client service that they expect and deserve.

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Drones on the Horizon for CPA Firms in 2017

DroneNew federal regulations mean CPA firms will have easier access to an unexpected tool for audits and inspections: flying robots.

Unmanned aircraft systems, commonly referred to as drones, have a wide range of commercial applications, including law enforcement and rescue operations. CPA firms are finding ways to use drones to audit and inspect land, agriculture and facilities as a safer and more cost effective alternative to manual inspections.

For the past several years, commercial drone use has been mostly limited to larger firms because of a burdensome and costly Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval process. But on August 29, a new FAA rule took effect that broadly authorizes commercial drone operations in the United States, giving CPA firms of all sizes an easier path to incorporating drones into their operations. For example, the new rule allows the commercial operation of drones under 35 pounds, whereas previous regulations mandated that commercial drone operators had to apply for a special license from the FAA.

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A Passion for Education Proves Perfect Formula for Ross Riskin, CPA/PFS

Ross Riskin Profile PictureMeet Ross Riskin, CPA/PFS, CCPS, vice president of Riskin & Riskin, PC in Orange, Conn. Ross is definitely not your typical CPA; he has a unique passion for helping college students and their families,  a direct hand in CPA education and a thoughtful take on incorporating the AICPA’s Essentials of Financial Planning curriculum into the classroom.

AICPA: You’re founder and managing member of Riskin Advisory, LLC, described on your website as “a college financial planning practice.” How are you helping students and their parents plan for college expenses?

Ross Riskin: I work with families and recent graduates to help them develop plans to save and pay for higher education expenses in the most financially efficient manner. I approach the college and education planning process from tax, financial aid, and cash flow planning perspectives. Whether a family is trying to navigate the complex financial aid process, a grandparent is trying to develop a funding plan for their grandchild, or a recent graduate is trying to come up with a game plan to tackle their student loan debt, I am happy to advise them about the best course of action.

AICPA: How does being a CPA and a PFS support your expertise in education planning?

RR: Being a practicing CPA has provided me with the educational and professional experience required to enhance my knowledge of tax planning. Obtaining the PFS credential has helped me approach college and education planning from the perspective of an accountant and an adviser in order to develop comprehensive solutions for clients to help them see the big “financial” picture. Education planning is an area that hasn’t really been a focal point of planning to the same degree that tax planning and investment planning have been, and I am dedicated to working each day as a CPA/PFS to shift that focus and help families plan and take action in a holistic way.

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The Secret to Quality Audits and Fine Wines? Quality Control

Vineyard“Quality means doing it right when no one is looking.”
Henry Ford

Browsing the internet and looking at websites of CPA firms I notice they pretty much all talk about being quality firms. We all believe we have quality, but just what is quality?

As I sit with my evening glass, I realize what draws us to a fine wine is the diligent process to produce the beverage we enjoy. The process for producing a fine wine is not unlike the accounting and auditing world. Indulge me as I demonstrate the similarities.

Winemakers must identify critical points in the process where problems can arise in order to  eliminate or minimize precursors for taints and faults, and then rectify any problems that still do occur. 

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Helping Clients Plan Ahead for College Expenses

College savingsAs the cost of undergraduate, graduate and professional education continues to soar, having enough money set aside to pay for college is no longer a “nice-to-have” component of financial planning. It is essential to devise a thoughtful, cohesive plan to keep clients on course toward achieving their financial goals, within the larger context of their financial situation, investment horizon, risk tolerance, and resources.

Helping clients understand how much to save based on their education goals prepares them for the cost of college. 

Six Considerations

In trying to approximate future college costs and the amount clients will need to save to pay the college costs of the future, you’ll need to help them make several assumptions and determinations:

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7 Key Facts on the FASB’s Revenue Recognition Standard


Shutterstock_348454145Transitioning to significantly new accounting guidance is always a critical process, and that’s particularly true with the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s Accounting Standards Update 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606). Since the effective date for this important guidance has been postponed, CPAs and their clients can now make the most of the added time they need to begin understanding and preparing to apply the standard. Here are seven facts that CPAs should know about this key standard.

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Seizing Opportunity Like a Rapping Founding Father

HamiltonWhen hip hop music first became popular, very few people would have thought that the music could be a great way to tell the story of America’s Founding Fathers. Yet, the wildly popular Broadway musical “Hamilton,” which won 11 Tony Awards, merges the historical narrative of the nation's first Secretary of the Treasury with hip hop music and lyrics, and proves that it’s possible to successfully create something fresh by offering a new take on a familiar subject.

Alexander Hamilton, the man whose life inspired the musical, started his career as an accounting clerk in the West Indies, then went to colonial America, where he would eventually lay the groundwork for the United States financial system. The musical came to life because Lin-Manuel Miranda, its creator and the man who originated the role of Hamilton, saw an opportunity and seized it by utilizing his musical talents to tell a 240-year-old story and delight unsuspecting audiences.

What does that have to do with CPAs? A lot, actually. Every day, CPAs use their knowledge and talents to meet a wide spectrum of client needs, often in ways that weren’t initially envisioned 50 or 20 or even five years ago. If you’d like to set the stage for new options in your career or practice, here are several opportunities that mesh well with CPAs’ core competencies and experience.   

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2704 Regs May Eliminate Discount: Practitioners Must Plan Now


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Most practitioners are aware by now that the Treasury has proposed regulations under Code Section 2704 that would generally eliminate valuation discounts on transfers of interest in family entities. This means that practitioners should advise all wealthy clients to review planning options before year-end when these new rules might become effective.

The AICPA will examine the regulations and offer comments at the Dec. 1 IRS hearing; however, to be safe, advisers should proceed with the assumption they will take effect as is. Outlined below are four practical planning steps practitioners should address with their clients before year-end.

Step 1: Identify Clients Affected

Clients who own large real estate or valuable family businesses that can currently be discounted for transfer tax valuation purposes, but which may not be able to be discounted after the effective date of the regulations, should focus on planning for the new regulations. In 2012, when the estate tax exemption was modified from $5 million to $1 million, many clients rushed to modify their plans in advance of this change. We will likely experience similar activity this year, as clients strive to complete planning to address the discount rush before year-end.

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You Fancy, Huh? One in Four Americans Envious on Social Media

In these waning days of summer, my Instagram feed looks like a Lonely Planet top 10 list. I don’t know how, but it seems like the 300+ people I’m following have all conspired to be someplace awesome, while I’m toiling away in the office. It can feel frustrating when it seems like everyone (except for you) is having the time of their lives – and bragging about it online.

A new survey, conducted by Harris Poll on behalf of the AICPA, found that when it comes to feeling envious on social media, I’m far from alone. In fact, many Americans are caught in a cycle of feeling jealous of friends who post about their lavish vacations and extravagant purchases, while admitting that they also post things solely because they are fancy or expensive.

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It’s Hurricane Season. Are You Prepared?

HurricaneTropical Storm Hermine may do more than ruin your Labor Day Weekend plans. After battering Florida’s gulf coast as the first hurricane to make landfall in 11 years, the weakened-but-still-potent storm is set to make a run up the East Coast. And in the Pacific, Hawaii is bracing for Hurricane Lester. The aftereffects of both storms may cause heavy rains, high winds and rough surf that will wreak havoc on travel plans and barbeques, could down trees and powerlines, and cause structural damage to buildings. The best thing you can do? Be prepared.

So what do you and your family need?

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Mr. Miyagi Can Help You Master the Exam

Pat-Morita_(Karate_Kid)In the iconic 1984 film The Karate Kid, Daniel, the young protégé of Mr. Miyagi, can’t understand why he’s being told to do basic tasks such as paint the fence, sand the floor, or polish the car with “wax on, wax off.” Daniel thinks he should focus on karate moves. While he pushes through and does what Mr. Miyagi tells him, Daniel eventually realizes the value and relevance of these tasks when he begins to spar. Each task in its own way serves as the basis for developing Daniel’s martial arts skills and ultimately prepare him to win the tournament against the Cobra Kai.

While we’ll never know if Daniel subsequently dropped his martial arts training to pursue a career as a CPA, one thing is certain – Mr. Miyagi taught the essential lesson that learning the basics and understanding foundational concepts is the key to success.

CPA candidates can learn a thing or two from Mr. Miyagi’s teachings when it comes to understanding the importance of the content covered in the Business Environment and Concepts (BEC) section, and how to manage it when sitting for the Exam. Since the introduction of BEC, the section has long been a mix of essential general business information, including corporate governance, economics, information technology, and financial and operations management, which provides a foundation for the other sections of Audit and Attestation (AUD), Financial Accounting and Reporting (FAR) and Regulation (REG). As a component of the Exam, the section reinforces the value of core business knowledge that a CPA must bring to the table when providing audit, accounting and tax services.

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3 Ways to Make Your Value Clear to Clients

Shutterstock_244717456Value pricing has been a hot topic among CPA firms for a while now as it enables them to focus on what clients really care about. All firms should consider adopting this approach. But while you may be able to quantify the value of what you offer clients in time, it’s crucial not to stop there. Do you know, for example, what truly matters to your clients? What they value in their relationship with you and the services you provide? While your approach to billing is important, the most critical concern for any firm should be the client’s perception of value.  These three steps will help you better understand your own value, ensure that clients are aware of all that you’re worth to them and enable you to take your client relationships to a much deeper level.

  1. Make It Personal

It is important for clients to associate high-quality work and a strong relationship with you and your firm. If another firm promised to complete the engagement for less, would your clients run? You have to differentiate yourself from the competition in a unique way. As simple as it sounds, you should initiate regular meaningful contact with your clients throughout the year, not just when a due date is looming as many CPAs do. Establish a system or process for reaching out so that it happens methodically. Make sure clients realize you aren’t just the person who delivers only compliance work or some required paperwork, but rather the trusted business adviser they can count on.

You can radically change your client’s perception of your firm’s value when you:

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Partnership Audits –Be Careful what You Wish For?

CrossroadsFor years, everyone involved with audits of partnership tax returns (tax professionals, the IRS and the taxpayers themselves) have complained about the often complicated and unclear Tax Equity and Fiscal Responsibility Act (TEFRA) rules. Disputes between the IRS and partnerships, as well as between the various partners, often dragged on for years. 

That is  if the IRS even bothered to start an audit – audit rates for partnerships were historically low compared to similar size corporate entities. Once an audit finally was completed, the IRS would face the onerous task of tracking down and collecting the assessments from each partner, often having to dive through dozens of tiers to find these ultimate taxpayers. Naturally, this resulted in difficulty collecting the additional tax, making the whole exercise seem futile to some. A better way was needed. TEFRA had to die.

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Gwen Jorgensen: From Tax Accountant to Olympic Gold Medalist

Gwen jorgensenIt’s not every day a tax accountant from Wisconsin wins a gold medal at the Olympics. But on Saturday, Aug. 20, Gwen Jorgensen, formerly of the EY corporate tax group in Milwaukee, became the first U.S. woman to do just that. Crossing the finish line with a time of 1:56:16, Jorgensen won gold in the triathlon.

Jorgensen, who earned a master’s degree in accounting at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and passed the CPA exam, didn’t even take up triathlon until after college. Jorgensen was a runner and swimmer in college, and was approached by USA Triathlon looking for college athletes they thought would be successful in the sport. At the time they contacted Jorgensen, she was still in school and had an offer from EY. She turned USA Triathlon down, but they convinced her to at least try triathlon as a hobby while she worked for EY. And, thus, a grueling schedule began: waking at 4 a.m. to ride her bike to the pool, swimming, and getting to the office at 8 a.m. After work, Jorgensen trained some more. And found that she loved triathlon.

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FASB Releases New Accounting Standard for Not-For-Profits


Shutterstock_238756393On August 18, 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued a standard that affects all not-for-profit entities issuing GAAP-basis financial statements. The new standard simplifies and improves how a not-for-profit entity classifies its net assets as well as the information it presents in financial statements and notes about its liquidity, financial performance and cash flows.

One goal of the standard is to improve how not-for-profits (like charities, foundations, colleges and universities, health care providers, religious organizations, trade associations and cultural institutions) communicate their financial performance and condition to their stakeholders.

 

Why a New Standard?

The current not-for-profit financial reporting model has held up well for more than 20 years, however, the FASB’s Not-for-Profit Advisory Committee and other stakeholders have reported that, while existing standards were sound, they could be improved to provide better information to users of not-for-profit financial statements.

Specifically, stakeholders voiced concerns about the following issues:

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5 Lessons Learned From CPAs #FirstSevenJobs


Thought bubbleEarlier this month Twitter user Marian Call, a singer-songwriter, started a viral trend when she tweeted her first seven jobs. Since then, social media has been all abuzz with users reminiscing about their #firstsevenjobs.

There’s no doubt that every job someone holds will teach them some kind of lesson. First jobs in particular teach those lessons in tough ways. To find out what lessons CPAs have learned, we put out a call for responses on social media; here’s what we heard.

Rand Gambrell

First seven jobs: Draftsman, McDonald’s Cook, Bus Boy, Wendy’s Cook, Bus Boy, Retail Sales, Hotel Sales Manager

Lesson learned: “No matter what your occupation or profession, perform your job to the best of your ability. People always recognize excellence.”

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Taxing Emotions: Death, Section 754 Elections and Serving the Client

Estate Planning 2Confronting the cold monetary and business realities of an estate is extraordinarily difficult in the midst of mourning. Even a well-planned estate’s complexity could mean the process drags on for months or even years, drawing out not only raw emotion but also tax exposure. Careful planning and a detailed explanation of your clients’ wishes are a must if you want to save their loved ones additional suffering.

My mother’s estate was moderate in terms of her personal holdings, but she also participated in substantial limited partnerships that passed to my brothers and me upon her death. While her home and personal effects were relatively simple to liquidate, the partnerships were a different matter.

There was no provision for a buyout of my mother’s interest upon her death. We found ourselves in business with people who didn’t know us, and had conflicting ideas about the future of the entity itself. Like so many partnerships, ours rarely had K-1s prepared in time to allow us to file our individual returns in advance of April 15th. We faced an indeterminate future of filing expensive extensions, estimating our individual tax liabilities and possibly increasing our exposure to an audit.

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5 Key Facts about the New FASB Leases Standard


Shutterstock_165181559What is a lease? And how should it be reported on a balance sheet? While your clients may not have spent much time pondering those questions in the past, the answers will take on new importance for them when a new Financial Accounting Standards Board standard on Leases becomes effective. While it’s true that the final guidance generally does not depart from existing GAAP as much as some earlier FASB proposals on this topic, practitioners should be prepared for significant changes in how all organizations that have lease assets—including private entities and not-for-profits—will account for leases. As practitioners begin to educate themselves on the guidance, here are five critical issues to keep in mind.  

  1. Lessees must now recognize operating lease assets and liabilities on the balance sheet. This is the most significant change, since it will require all organizations and their CPAs to take a different approach to lease accounting. Before this standard, U.S. GAAP only required this type of recognition for capital leases. Operating lease amounts were generally shown in the financial statements as rent expense on the income statement and in disclosures to the financial statements. In implementing the new guidance, entities will have to reconsider the ways they identify lease arrangements.

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Technology Revolutionizes the Transfer of Private Company Information

Shutterstock_104783210How can CPA firms, their clients and the investors and lenders with whom they do business easily access shared documents? How can CPA firms ensure that their signature won’t be used fraudulently or that there won’t be unauthorized changes in their financial reports? I spend a lot of time speaking with CPAs across the country, and these are some of the questions on the minds of firms that serve private company clients.

Public companies have a simple solution for sharing financial information in a secure environment. The Securities and Exchange Commission’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval (EDGAR) System collects, validates, indexes and forwards submissions from public companies’ SEC filings. It was launched in 1984 and offers public companies an efficient way to share corporate information, but there has never been a similar system to fit the needs of private companies. 

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Salsa, Scenery, and the CGMA


BSachdeva-3605Bikram Sachdeva loves salsa and bachata dancing. You might also find him capturing landscapes, skyscapes, and nature scenes with his camera during travels to Senegal, Ghana, Tanzania, Mongolia, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Jordan—countries where he’s monitored over $ 1.5 billion portfolio of projects.

Sachdeva is a CPA and CGMA, to name just two of five professional designations on his business card. “I hear a lot of stereotypes when people see my business card,” said Sachdeva, director of fiscal accountability at the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC), an independent U.S. Government aid agency that works to reduce global poverty through economic growth. “Some people assume that because I’m a CPA, I’m not outgoing. They’re surprised when I tell them I love to dance and take pictures, especially because these interests tend to be outside the norm of what people expect from an accountant.”

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Summer Reading Recommendations

Summer reading 3Part III

Looking for things to read on your summer vacation? Here is the third and final installment of the AICPA summer reading recommendations. You can catch up if you missed Part I or Part II.

Valrie Chambers, CPA, MBA, Ph.D, Associate Professor of Taxation and Accounting, Stetson University, and regular AICPA Insights contributor recommends:

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5 Tips to Maximize Productivity - Both at Home and at Work

Shutterstock_438684127“Amateurs sit and wait for inspiration, the rest of us just get up and go to work.” ― Stephen King 

Whether it be racing to the office to conquer the business world, or managing all of our other daily commitments, we work hard every single day. And it’s not easy to stay productive with conflicting priorities. 

To keep you on track (and your sanity intact), below are five tips to inspire productivity at home and at work. 

(1) Don’t Be Afraid to Say “No.” 

Apple co-founder Steve Jobs put it the best. ”Focusing is about saying no.” From a professional standpoint, in order to truly do your job and meet your objectives, every time someone asks you to do something, you need to evaluate whether you are the best person to be doing that job, or even whether it should be done at all. Many of us are people pleasers and want to help, but saying “yes” is not necessarily the best thing for you or the organization. 

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How to Supercharge Your Not-for-Profit’s Board to Achieve Scalable Impact

Shutterstock_174469097When considering the future success of a startup organization, thoughts naturally turn first to a clearly defined vision, mission and strategy for putting plans into action. After that, many ask, “How do I galvanize my staff and volunteers to lead?” Social impact organizations affect the most critical challenges facing our society-- for example, lifting individuals out of poverty, providing access to vital services and fighting inequality. Having the right staff is critical and having the right board of directors is equally important. Scaling an organization’s impact means not just maintaining core processes, but also constantly sharing knowledge to build the organization’s capacity to affect change. Without leadership to keep the organization focused, staff can fall victim to fighting the daily fires that are a distraction from the larger goal of expanding the organization’s reach.

So how can you supercharge your board of directors? Here are four things to consider:

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Get to the Point: How to Make Travel Rewards Work for you


I don’t always get mail, but when I do it’s usually a credit card offer. And these cards are often tied to a particular hotel chain or airline. Many of these offers tout initial low-APRs, a waived annual fee and, increasingly, an obscene amount of rewards points – enough for a ROUND TRIP flight!!!! - if I only spend a few thousand dollars in the first couple of months.

However, my wife and I have been diligent about putting all of our charges on a credit card with a rewards program for a particular hotel chain and booking rooms at this brand whenever possible. The last thing I want is to lose our status with that chain by spreading ourselves too thin. This approach is working for us; over the past few years alone, we’ve paid for hotels in Denver, Boston, Puerto Rico, Baltimore and New Orleans using our rewards points. I’m by no means an expert travel hacker – that is, someone who has mastered collecting rewards points to earn free travel – but I’m making sure the money I spend on my card and the trips I take is working to my advantage. Seems simple, right? 

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6 Planning Ideas for CPAs Who Have Aging Clients

Aging clientsYou might have noticed the “graying” of your clients and thought “how can I, as a CPA and trusted adviser, provide services that meet their changing needs? What are the practice considerations surrounding those services?”

Recently, we served on a panel at the AICPA Conference on Tax Strategies for the High-Income Individual that focused specifically on these issues. Consider some of the following ideas gleaned from the session and how you may be able to incorporate them into your practice:

  1. Services: Cognitive challenges often affect executive functioning, such as the ability to handle day-to-day finances. Services you might offer include automating finances such as bill paying, monitoring investments, and reviewing banking records to identify elder financial abuse. With clients more commonly living into their 90s and beyond, budgeting and the recurring financial responsibilities of an individual or family take on a very different nature.

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Backstage Pass: EDGE Experience

Social mediaOften times, in-person conferences are the best time to get updates on industry news and to learn new things. The EDGE Experience, the premier career development event for young CPAs, focuses on building young professionals not only technically, but with soft skills as well.

Yesterday, Stacie Saunders, Senior Manager of Social Business at the AICPA, sat down with three CPAs to talk about how they began a professional strategy on social media. Saunders began the conversation by saying “most of us started on social media for personal reasons, but as you start to use it you can see how the benefits can cross over into a professional space.” So, how does one begin to use social media professionally?

As a special treat for AICPA Insights readers, we listened in and pulled tips and tricks for some of the most common questions surrounding social media.

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Advising on U.S. DOL’s Overtime Rule and Worker Classification Issues

Shutterstock_282297254I don’t know about you, but I’ve been having more conversations with my clients on employment issues lately. The new U.S. Department of Labor’s (DOL) overtime rule was announced May 18 and goes into effect December 1, 2016. Among other things, the new rule extends eligibility for overtime to certain white-collar workers by increasing the wage threshold from $455/week to $913/week ($47,476/year).

When my clients call with a “quick question” about the new rule, I chuckle to myself. These calls usually take an hour or more, as one question leads to another. These worker classification decisions can have major budget implications, particularly for small businesses and not-for-profits, and there is little time to come into compliance before December 1. In many small businesses without an HR department, employment issues fall under the finance or accounting function. 

Here is the basic guidance I’ve given to clients:

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AICPA Insights Celebrates Five Years

20386-312 AICPA Insights 5th Anniversary_update_R4-2

 

The 4-Step Coach Approach to Client Service

CoachBefore CPA financial planners can provide expert counsel to clients, they first must get to know them in a very meaningful way. The process involves asking self-reflective questions and something I like to call the “coach approach” to client discovery.

The coach approach is a cooperative process, or a two-way street, and comes from material published by motivational expert Michael Pantalon. A good planner (the coach) guides and motivates, imparting knowledge along the way, but the client must also have some skin in the game with a commitment to executing the plan. After all, a basketball player could be coached to improve his game, but the player must commit to practice, and ultimately perform, before any real progress can be made.

Here are four steps to the “coach approach”:

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Buying a Home? You May Have Missed an Important Step


Shutterstock_164412314Anyone who is going through the process of buying a home knows that it can be a long and expensive process. And it’s one that you need to get right to build a solid financial future. From finding the right realtor to determining the most important factors for your next home, there are many important steps to take. Luckily, 360 Degrees of Financial Literacy and Feed the Pig are here to help. Here are four essential tips (including one many people overlook) to help you with the home-buying process:

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7 Models to Consider When Implementing the FASB’s New Credit Losses Standard


Shutterstock_408188569The Financial Accounting Standards Board has finalized its credit loss standard, Accounting Standards Update 2016-13—Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments. The new standard marks the end of accounting for credit losses using the Incurred Credit Loss model and replaces it with the Current Expected Credit Loss (CECL) model. The standard will have a significant impact on financial institutions. Additionally, it will apply to most debt instruments, trade receivables, lease receivables, reinsurance receivables, financial guarantee contracts and loan commitments.

Since the FASB did not restrict the type of methodologies institutions can use when implementing the new standard, I recommend that CPAs working at financial institutions, along with CPAs with financial institution clients, begin reviewing the different models now. You will want to consider the specific portfolio makeup of your or your clients’ institutions when deciding which method will work best. Here are some of the more common models currently in use by financial institutions that can be modified and used under the new standard:

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5 Steps to Increase Effectiveness for Not-for-Profit Leaders

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At AICPA’s Not-for-Profit Industry Conference, keynote speaker Barry Melancon, President and CEO of AICPA joined a panel that included Michael Forster, CFO of Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Carolyn Mollen, CFO of Independent Sector; and Joe Stradinger, founder of EdgeTheory. The panel was moderated by Lou Mezzina of KMPG LLP.

Financial professionals face ever-changing business and regulatory challenges that necessitate a wider range of skills and competencies. This was a topic of discussion at this year’s AICPA Not-for-Profit Industry Conference. Outlined below are five ways to run your not-for-profit more effectively, inspired by our panel of nonprofit executives.

  • Connect the mission with strategy. A not-for-profit’s success is measured not just by the strength of its balance sheet, but by its ability to execute its mission. . Keep in mind that mission-related decisions have financial implications. Before deciding on a fundraising campaign or a revamp to your program design, consider if the effort is fiscally sound and if it will bring you closer to achieving your mission. Because finance and mission goals are inseparable, leaders must have a deep understanding of operational complexities.
  • Think holistically. Leading change requires more than just technical skills. Today’s financial leaders need to be adept communicators and adaptable in order to bring about transformation. Delivering results in a fast-paced environment means focusing on both preserving financial viability and thinking holistically about strategies needed to drive results. Many Chief Financial Officers report spending the majority of their time tackling big picture issues rather than detail oriented technical ones.

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Passion for Performance: A CGMA’s Perspective

Lindsey Branston for AICPA_074Lindsey Branston, CPA, CGMA, is director of financial operations for the 70,000-member BMW Car Club of America and director of finance for the club’s charitable foundation in Greenville, S.C.

What’s your passion?

I’ve been fortunate to join an organization where my passion for strategy and financial analysis fit hand in glove with my love for cars and driving. As a CGMA, I know many financial strategies work on paper, but success depends on a deep understanding of how the club operates and of our members’ needs and desires. Our members are BMW enthusiasts—I’m one too. I go to car events all over the world to keep my finger on the pulse of BMW owner culture. Both my husband and I drive BMWs: an X5 SUV and a 435 convertible. Like many of our members, there’s a car I dream about owning. For me it’s an E9, a coupe built from 1968 to 1975.

How did you end up in a finance job for BMW?

When I was in public accounting, I worked with the BMW Car Club doing their audits. Then I started my own accounting firm and contracted with the club to provide financial management services. Since becoming a CGMA, I’ve expanded the work that I’ve done with the club and the foundation.

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3 Things to Keep When You Tackle Clutter

Shutterstock_375900517The world now seems chockful of tips to streamline your desk, your home and even your life. This isn’t a bad thing. For CPAs, the files pile up fast. Not to mention the articles, notes, e-mails and phone messages.

At home, the challenge to keep a grip on all the stuff can be even bigger with old clothes, shoes, sports equipment, tchotchkes and other stuff.  The cappuccino maker that your brother-in-law bought you is collecting dust but you feel guilty giving it away.  Or, in the case of my parents, it was books, tons of them. “They were like houseguests who never left,” my brother observed.  In her bestseller, “The Life-Changing Magic of Tidying Up: The Japanese Art of Decluttering and Organizing,” Marie “KonMari” Kondo advises getting rid of things that don’t bring you joy.

Being surrounded by useless things, be they old magazines or appliances or clothes, can be draining. I am a big fan of regular (ok, semi-regular) sweeps to free up visual space, bringing an “ah” feeling to your eyes and brain. However, I want to caution you in your zeal to unclutter to consider keeping a few items that you may regret tossing later.  With all due respect to Kondo, it doesn’t have to bring you joy, but provide a crucial link with a person or memory you cherish.

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The Current Expected Credit Loss Model is Here… Now What?

HamiltonYou know the feeling you get when you are excitedly looking forward to something? It just can’t come soon enough. For instance, you enter Broadway’s mega-popular Hamilton -- the musical lottery -- every morning and anxiously await the email saying that you won. Even if the chances are only 909 to 1. 

The financial institution community has been anticipating the release of the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s credit losses standard. We have been following the process since the beginning. We reviewed drafts and submitted comments along the way. We participated in focus groups and met with the FASB to discuss the community banks’ concerns. The final standard is here. Now what?

Last month, the FASB issued Accounting Standards Update 2016-13, Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326). The release of this new standard marks the end of accounting for credit losses using an incurred model. Institutions should not only consider all factors that have been incurred as of the reporting date, but also should estimate losses over the life of the loan. If an institution cannot estimate credit losses to the end of the loan’s life, taking into consideration any anticipated prepayments, it must estimate as far as it can and then revert back to the mean for the remaining years. This process sounds simple enough to implement, right?

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Summer Reading Recommendations

Summer reading 2Part II

Looking for things to read on your summer vacation? Here is the second installment of the AICPA summer reading recommendations. Missed Part I? You can find it here.

Tammy Atkins, Manager, Brand Management recommends:

  • All the Light We Cannot See by Anthony Doerr (2014)

This Pulitzer Prize-winning book is set during WWII. A blind French girl and young orphaned German boy offer the experience of war through children/young adults’ eyes. The young girl flees Paris with her father. The boy is enrolled in an academy for Hitler youth. The story gradually connects the two so that eventually their paths cross.

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Introducing a New Era in XBRL Data

Financial statementsWe could soon start to see a shift in how investors and other financial statement users access and analyze public company financial statement data. With the use of a technology called inline XBRL (iXBRL), data consumers will have access to view XBRL metadata while reading financial statements within their browsers.

In June, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issued an order to permit operating companies to use iXBRL in their periodic and current reports through March 2020. iXBRL enables XBRL information to be embedded into the HTML financial statement filing — as opposed to including XBRL data in a separate XBRL Exhibit. For filers that use iXBRL in their financial statements, this metadata will be viewable on the SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval (EDGAR) system which now provides an iXBRL viewer. The SEC’s iXBRL viewer also provides enhanced search capabilities within the filings that use iXBRL.

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Do You Remember a Mentor’s Best Advice?

MentoringHave you ever approached a crossroads in your career and weren’t sure which path to take next? Or maybe you were struggling—with no luck—to gain more confidence and visibility in your job. If you were fortunate enough to have a mentor at these critical junctures, there’s a good chance you gained valuable insights into the best solutions and smartest next steps. In fact, 75% of executives in a poll by the Association for Talent Development said that a mentor had been critical in helping them ascend to their current position.

Mentoring includes imparting wisdom that the mentor has gained through a lifetime of business and personal experience. We reached out to members on LinkedIn and asked them to share some of the best advice they’d received from mentors throughout their careers. Here’s what they had to say:

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Modernizing Fax Filings with the IRS


Shutterstock_156974060Federal and state agencies, including the court systems, are modernizing by allowing the electronic filing of petitions and other court documents. For example, Alabama, Texas, Illinois and Missouri have e-filing systems for court petitions. In 2014, two federal courts (2nd and 9th Circuit Courts of Appeals) piloted an e-filing program for all courts in which the user is authorized to file electronically. The program is expected to become national in the next few years.

The IRS is also modernizing, although not as fast as many practitioners (or the AICPA) would like. Calls to the IRS and cases can be routed to any IRS employee or office all over the country. We are seeing more appeals conferences conducted by telephone with the various service centers instead of in person and expect Skype-type conferences to become more common. For many years, the IRS has electronically processed bank account and wage levies on delinquent accounts. Now, the IRS is also able to issue electronic summonses to eBay and PayPal.

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3 Things CPAs Need to Understand about Crowdfunding


Shutterstock_270504203If a client came to you 10 years ago with an innovative idea for a new product, such as a winter coat that is warmer and lighter than any other on the market—you might say “Great idea. How will you fund development of a prototype?” Back then seeking funding was not yet a simple task. But in 2016, there are myriad crowdfunding sites available to help would-be entrepreneurs take their ideas and make them a reality. As a CPA, you are in a position to help ensure your client seeks this funding properly and in a fiscally responsible manner.

You may not yet be familiar with the rules and regulations surrounding crowdfunding, but the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission released new rules in May. These guidelines, along with revisions last year to the existing Regulation A rules, expand the opportunities for small business capital raising by simplifying requirements for small businesses to access the capital markets. Both rules were issued by the Securities and Exchange Commission under the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act.

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The Impact of Brexit on Your Clients’ Investments

BrexitUncertainty related to Brexit – the recent vote in the United Kingdom (UK) to move away from the European Union (EU) – sent shock waves throughout Europe and foreign markets. Here in the United States, investors have also expressed concern about the volatility of their portfolios.

Chances are good that some of your clients have already contacted you with questions about how this will impact their personal finances. To help you have this conversation, we sought advice from three well-known professionals: Chris Benson, CPA/PFS, L.K. Benson & Company; Jean-Luc Bourdon, CPA/PFS, BrightPath Wealth Planning, LLC; and Michael E. Goodman, CPA/PFS, Wealthstream Advisors, Inc. Here are their observations:

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CPA Financial Planning: Rewarding in Every Way

Lori LuckA client comment last week propelled me back to my business decision 15 years ago to jump in with both feet to the world of CPA financial planning.

Pausing on her way out the door after a particularly fruitful discussion, she remarked, “We’ve been together a long time.”

Indeed. I’ve been a CPA and tax adviser for her small business for 25 years. I added the full scope of financial planning and investment monitoring for her when I found that clients needed more focus on these services and I was in the best position as a CPA to give them the advice they were seeking.

We’ve monitored her assets and her retirement planning. We’ve made decisions about Social Security. We’ve helped her iron out various issues with estate planning, as many people have after second marriages. Her children were young when we started; now they’re out of college and on their own. Now she’s retiring and has sold her business. And we’ve been with her every step of the way.

It’s been wonderful, for both of us, really. And it’s that way with many of our clients. Shifting our practice to focus more intentionally on financial planning is one of the best decisions I ever made.

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Lifelong Learning and Leadership: A CFO Perspective

YousefAwwadAs CFO of Portland Public Schools in Oregon, Yousef Awwad, CPA, CGMA, manages an operating budget approaching $1.2 billion annually. He is directly responsible for the school district’s finance, budget, purchasing, risk management, publication services and records management functions, comprising a total head count of 70 directors, managers and employees. Before coming to Portland in 2014, Yousef served as finance director for the Arizona Department of Education and as CFO and deputy superintendent for the Tucson Unified School District.

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Keeping the Cash Method Promotes Simplicity and Economic Growth

We know what we are, but know not what we may be.

   -William Shakespeare

Followers of my blogs know that I periodically write about tax reform, but it’s been a while. So, I’ve decided to dust off this quiz – here we go:

What will be the greatest driver of tax reform?

  • Bipartisan compromise?
  • Congressional leadership changes?
  • Current events?
  • Revenues?
  • Good tax policy?

CompassI know you’re thinking: “Ed, are you forgetting that it’s a presidential election year and you recently predicted that tax reform won’t happen before 2018? Does it really matter?”

Well, it does. (And there may be more than one correct answer to my quiz.) Our profession must remain vigilant on what is being discussed now to safeguard businesses (including our own) and taxpayers later on down the line.

In its current iteration, tax reform has been top of mind on Capitol Hill for about five years. Hearings, task forces, discussion drafts and bills. Lots of conversations. It’s part of the normal vetting process and quite important. It’s how we separate the wheat from the chaff and arrive at much better legislative solutions; a process that continues today even if we “know not” the result.

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Advising Same-Sex Married Clients After Medicare’s Rapid Changes

Same-sex coupleBy now, most CPAs should be familiar with tax strategies for same-sex couples, but due to a Supreme Court ruling in 2015, one possibly overlooked area CPA financial planners should address is the Medicare benefits available to couples in a same-sex marriage.

Before 2013, married couples of the opposite sex could qualify for Medicare benefits through their spouse, and before the U.S. Supreme Court’s Obergefell vs. Hodges ruling in 2015, state law still controlled whether a same-sex couple was treated as married. In layman’s terms, this resulted in inequality among same-sex couples, where some had full marriage rights because of the state in which they lived, while others were denied marriage rights because of their state of residence.

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360 Degrees of Financial Literacy Introduces Spanish-Language Resources

360FinancialLiteracyThe AICPA constantly searches for ways to enhance the 360 Degrees of Financial Literacy program and provide a wider audience with knowledge that will start them on the path to financial success. For this reason, the AICPA’s 360 Degrees of Financial Literacy program recently launched a new consumer Spanish-language resource center to address the need to educate the growing number of Spanish-language consumers in the United States.

The resource center offers help in several areas, such as fraud, paying for an education, how to raise a saver, tips for online shopping and credit card information. In the next few months, we plan to provide more content for the resource center that touches on popular personal finance issues and questions.

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Alternative Investments and UBIT: Weighing the Options


Keep calmPart two of a
two-part series on tax consequences of alternative investments. Part one can be found here.

Not-for-profits need to weigh their options carefully if they are thinking of adding alternative investments such as partnerships, private equity funds, real estate investment trusts and hedge funds to their portfolios.  As part of a well-designed investment strategy, alternative investment vehicles have the potential to provide greater returns than traditional stocks, bonds or money market funds, with the added benefit that they can counter risk exposure in volatile markets.

However, these investments can trigger tax liability under the unrelated business income tax (UBIT, pronounced “you-bit”) rules, and the resultant taxes (and accrued interest and penalties, if discovered subsequently) can take a bite out of an organization’s budget.

So what can be done to take the bite out of UBIT? 

There are basically three options:

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CPA Exam Q3/Q4 2016 Score Release Timetables

The Q3/Q4 2016 score release timetable is now available. Score release timelines are updated biannually on AICPA Insights and on the CPA Exam website. For more information about score release and the scoring process, please visit the Psychometrics and Scoring page.

The National Association of State Boards of Accountancy releases the scores to candidates and state boards of accountancy based upon the target score release dates listed in the tables below.

July august q3

 

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CPA Execs Grow More Confident about U.S. Economy

2Q16 CPAOIThe latest Economic Outlook Survey found CPA executives are growing more confident about the U.S. economy over the next 12 months. In fact, 37 percent of survey takers now express optimism about the U.S. economy, which is up from a three-year low of 28 percent last quarter. The survey, which polls CEOs, CFOs and other CPAs who hold executive positions in U.S. companies also found that expectations for profit and revenue both increased this quarter.

The AICPA survey is a forward-looking indicator that tracks hiring and business-related expectations for the next 12 months.

The brightest spot for the economy this quarter was likely the outlook on hiring, with 19 percent saying their organizations are ready to hire immediately, up from 15 percent last quarter. The percentage of executives who say their company needs employees but are reluctant to hire also increased from 16 percent last quarter to 18 percent.

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