Welcome to AICPA Insights, the official blog for the American Institute of CPAs. AICPA Insights features posts from AICPA staff and accounting professionals on a variety of topics affecting the accounting profession, the AICPA and its members.
Are you aware that the new Digital Accountability and Transparency Act, signed into law earlier this year, will have a significant impact on CPAs who work in government and or interact with the federal government?
Known as the DATA Act, the new law calls for the adoption of a data standard that is “a widely accepted, nonproprietary, searchable, platform-independent computer-readable format” to report federal contract, loan and grant spending information by federal programs. CPAs need to be aware of the changes so they can better serve their clients and be prepared to help agencies meet the new requirements.
Have you ever stopped and asked yourself why you would ever want to make a tax return engagement more efficient, if it really only means you will charge less over time?
Stay with me here while I explain how value pricing and efficiency can go hand-in-hand. Below is a hypothetical chart of fees incurred to prepare a 1040 return, as well as the amounts actually invoiced. I am going to explain how you are leaving money on the table.
Year one is largely spent reviewing the prior year returns to familiarize yourself with the client and to establish your internal workpapers. This will naturally take more time. So when you bill the client and see that you have incurred $1,500 in fees, your gut might tell you that the return is not worth that amount. So, you discount the fees to reflect the amount that you a) think the return was worth and b) think the client is willing to pay.
As part of its commitment to serving member needs, the AICPA Forensic and Valuation Services Section regularly surveys FVS professionals to get a sense of the state of the practice today and the trends these professionals will face in the short term. According to the recent 2014 AICPA Survey on International Trends in Forensic and Valuation Services, done in conjunction with CPA Canada, there is currently a healthy demand for forensic and valuation services, and very strong growth potential for the future. This is good news.
The survey found that 76 percent of forensic and 54 percent of valuation respondents expected their practices to grow, with the majority expecting growth of between 10 percent and 50 percent over the next two to five years.
Here are a few predictions — by practice area — from the survey:
September is underway and that means it’s back to school for students. As teachers finalize their lesson plans, a growing number may be incorporating financial literacy education. In fact, many schools around the country have already begun integrating financial literacy into their curriculums. And it makes perfect sense.
Helping young people understand financial issues is a matter of great importance. Younger generations are facing an increasingly complex financial field, compared to their parents, and they are more likely to shoulder more financial risks in adulthood, especially when it comes to saving, planning for retirement and covering healthcare needs. On July 9, the Global Financial Literacy Excellence Center in collaboration with the U.S. Department of Education, the U.S. Department of the Treasury, and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau hosted the U.S. release of the 2012 Programme for International Student Assessment financial literacy data. The assessment tested 15 year-olds on their knowledge of personal finances and ability to apply it to their financial problems. This is the first large-scale international study to assess the financial literacy of young people.
The government is projecting that the Social Security Trust Fund could run out of cash by 2033. While 19 years might sound like a long time, many of us have clients in their 30s and 40s who want to know that they’ll receive all of the Social Security benefits due to them when they retire. Of course, CPAs and those of us who offer financial planning and estate services caution our clients not to depend solely on their Social Security checks to carry them through their later years.
It’s alarming that the money may, indeed, run out—and even though this news is nothing different that what we’ve already heard about the money—I can’t help wondering how many Americans aren’t familiar with how dire the situation may be.
Have you ever wondered what a day in the life of an auditor will look like in the near future, and how it will be different from today’s practice? Here is a glimpse…
You enter the audit room at 7:30 a.m. on Tuesday morning as the external audit partner of XYZ Enterprises, Inc. After settling in, you sign into AART, the audit firm’s Automated Audit, Reporting and Tracking system that was developed to leverage the widespread availability of information on a 24/7 basis. AART’s technology monitors XYZ Enterprises’ controls, transactions and account balances continuously. As you review the dashboard you notice that all of your audit status indicators are green, except for one. You also notice that you have been copied on a message that AART sent to your controls team notifying them of a modification to a key control parameter in the centralized enterprise resource planning system. You begin looking into the situation.
According to Google, 81 percent of searches for products and services now happen online. By the end of 2015, the majority of web searches will be via a mobile device. Your CPA firm’s website needs to be easily found in search results to ensure you are able to capitalize on this game-changing trend.
Refreshing your marketing to maintain its effectiveness despite the change in how potential clients find your services is not as difficult as you might think. The right approach is to focus on the areas that offer the biggest return and commit to an ongoing improvement program. Your core digital asset is your website. It will deliver the first impression to cold prospects and can reinforce referred prospects’ positive view of your firm. The goal in both cases is to give the visiting prospect a reason to take the next step and contact your firm—lead conversion.
Here are five steps you can take to increase the number of lead conversions from web visitors:
I recently read an article on disruptive innovation that made me consider how much the accounting profession has changed over the years. The article talked about how well some very traditional lines of business are performing, including Swiss watches, independent bookstores and pricey fountain pens, even in our volatile times. These products have enjoyed prolonged success because the business people behind them have emphasized the products’ unique and enduring value, something that the market recognizes even in the midst of continuous change. Swiss watches are seen as quality status products, independent bookstores have positioned themselves as personalized social destinations and fountain pens provide a classic writing experience with a smoother and more professional look than inexpensive and more readily available ballpoint pens.
Is your client’s organization considered a public business entity under the new U.S. GAAP definition? Queries sent to the AICPA’s Private Company Practice Section Center for Plain English Accounting indicate that members continue to struggle with whether or not their entity qualifies to use the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s new Private Company Council accounting alternatives.
Understanding whether a reporting entity is a PBE is the first step in understanding whether it can apply the PCC accounting alternatives. Some of the most common areas of confusion regarding an organization’s definition as a PBE surround broker-dealers, equity-method investments held by PBEs, and governmental units or entities. The following explanations should help to clarify when to use PCC accounting alternatives.
Talented professionals — and the knowledge, passion and dedication they bring to the job — are the lifeblood of any CPA firm or corporate accounting team. For that reason, the AICPA proactively promotes the many benefits of the CPA profession and provides firms and companies with tools that will enhance their recruitment and retention efforts. While interest in the profession is strong, work still needs to be done in some areas, including the recruitment and retention of women and minorities. Although 44% of the accounting profession is female, only 19% of CPA firm partners are women, according to the AICPA’s 2013 Trends in the Supply of Accounting Graduates and the Demand for Public Accounting Recruits study. At the same time, more than one-third of the U.S. population belongs to a minority group, but minorities make up only 10% of the accounting profession. Yet a diverse workforce ensures we have the brightest professionals from the deepest possible talent pool and that we benefit from connections and perspectives that could offer firms and organizations a tremendous competitive advantage.
When I tell people that I work on improving the relevance of corporate reporting, I often get asked about the value of reporting on non-financial information. I remind them that not all aspects of a company’s value can be ascertained from historical financial statements, which is why it’s important to consider a company’s intellectual, human, natural and social and relationship capital in addition to its financial and manufactured capital. In recent years, there has been a shift as investors and other users of corporate reports are beginning to consider more than just financial statements in their evaluations.
When I was in public practice, I audited both small and large entities, in both the public and private markets. Regardless of the client’s size or its stakeholders, the success of an audit depends on the dedicated efforts of numerous professionals. One or two people may oversee an engagement and chart its course, but its ultimate quality reflects each individual’s contribution and how well the team pulls together to maintain high standards. In essence, everyone has to step up to make sure the team succeeds.
The AICPA recently launched its own team effort: the Enhancing Audit Quality initiative. AICPA President and CEO Barry Melancon describes in his recent blog post how this comprehensive, integrated effort is looking at every area that impacts the quality of private entity financial statement audits. (When we talk about private entities, we are referring to all non-SEC registrants, including not-for-profit organizations, employee benefit plans and governmental entities.)
My daughter, her fiancé and I were recently looking for something fun to do in Washington, D.C. As we were poking around, we found a special attraction at the National Building Museum – a maze.
When we took our first steps into the maze, we felt excited but a little apprehensive. We knew there would be twists and turns to weave through. We wondered, would it be easy to navigate or would we get lost in a sea of offshoots and dead ends? But as we made our way through, apprehension gave way to pure fun!
Ethics is on the agenda at the 2014 World Congress of Accountants this November, a good reminder of the global nature of this subject. Every day, accountants in both business and public practice face challenges that require ethical decision-making. At the same time, they must adapt to a changing regulatory landscape, cooperate with government agencies, and respond to legislation on fraud and corruption.
A solid foundation in ethics helps them prepare for the next critical decision. For AICPA and Chartered Institute of Management Accountants members, that foundation has several layers. Each organization’s members must abide by their respective codes of ethics, and, in many cases, licensed CPAs must also follow the ethical standards required by state boards of accountancy. Additionally, all professional accountants working in public practice or in business are required to follow the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants’ Code of Ethics.
Each year, the AICPA honors our members and other key stakeholders for their contributions to the accounting profession.
In this post, I’ve highlighted a number of recent awards and the impressive contributions of those who have earned them.
Michigan Governor Rick Snyder, CPA, was honored with the Outstanding CPA in Government Impact Award: State Level. The award recognizes CPAs working in state government who have contributed significantly to increased efficiency and effectiveness of government organizations and to the growth and enhancement of the CPA profession.
To lessen the financial difficulties Michigan was going through, Governor Snyder infused his administration with a sense of urgency, saying he wanted to accomplish four years of policy reforms in his first year and then maintain that pace. Under Governor Snyder's leadership, Michigan has eliminated its $1.5 billion structural deficit and produced three balanced budgets. Read more in this CPA Practice Advisor article.
As public accounting is a competitive industry, CPA firms have the luxury of being selective and only hiring the best and brightest. Many firms host early identification programs, which typically take place in the summer and are geared toward freshman, sophomore and junior accounting majors working toward 150 credits. Most firms call them “leadership programs.” These programs typically last one to three days and serve to build relationships early with the top students and hire as interns and then into full-time hires.
Indira Gandhi is elected as the first female Prime Minister of India (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Indira Gandhi once said, “I suppose that leadership at one time meant muscle; but today it means getting along with people.”
Despite being the first female Prime Minister of India and an extremely influential figure in world history, those close to Gandhi say she felt uncomfortable around educated people because of her own lack of schooling. Despite her persona as a commander, she constantly had to pull from her inner strength and circle of confidants to establish herself outwardly as a leader.
What I draw from this is that leadership and role-modeling in any situation means action, not position. How friends, colleagues, and others perceive us should be centered in our ability to gather the appropriate input to make sound decisions, rather than our need to rely on where we fall in the relationship. However, because of the role modeling we’ve experienced and become conditioned to throughout our lives, many of us think we have to emulate the role of the leader—always decisive and always in control.
If I’m not perceived as a leader and enter into a collaborative situation, I may come across as weak. While that may be the general belief, is it accurate?
The nature of the finance function is evolving and combined with the business environment being highly volatile, uncertain, complex and ambiguous, the need for an agile and robust finance function is all the more critical for business success.
How finance takes on this broader role in serving the business in the future has implications for the types of skills needed and the development of those skills. Management accountants can get an in-depth look at these skills, and assess where they stand by using the CGMA Competency Framework. The framework is designed for CGMA designation holders, but is unlocked on CGMA.org and available for download and use by all finance professionals, their employers, HR professionals and educators.
If you are a CPA who audits employee benefit plans, you understand how complex they can be. You know how critical it is to make certain that you and your staff have all of the knowledge and resources you need to perform quality audits in this area. Luckily, the AICPA has several resources available to assist members in performing EBP audits.
One such resource is the Center for Plain English Accounting. I am the director of the newly launched CPEA, the AICPA’s national A&A resource center for Private Companies Practice Section member firms. Members can submit written questions to the CPEA and receive written responses and gain access to reports, alerts and webinars on A&A topics including EBP, revenue recognition and Private Company Council accounting alternatives. Watch the video below for more information on CPEA.
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Every month, the CPEA receives many types of A&A inquiries. However, in the summer, we receive a higher number of EBP audit related queries because many companies receive tax extensions that delay the deadline for companies’ Form 5500 and audited financials for EBP until October 15.
Each query—and the CPEA’s response to that query—is unique in itself, because plans vary from organization to organization. Therefore, it is not a one-size-fits-all area. That is why it is so important for practitioners performing EBP audits to know where to go to find the right answers.
For example, we recently received the following query from a CPEA member:
For an employee benefit plan where there are no uncertain tax positions, would the plan be required to disclose, by year, each year that remains subject to examination by major tax jurisdictions? Alternatively, could we go with a more general note disclosure?
We suggested a more detailed disclosure, which might say something like “The Plan is subject to audits by the IRS; however, there are currently no audits for any tax periods in progress. The Plan’s management believes it is no longer subject to income tax examinations for years prior to 20X0.”
Even though the entity does not have any tax audits in process, it is helpful for users to understand which years might still be subject to examination by the Internal Revenue Service. Many times these disclosures can be overlooked where an entity has not been subject to IRS audits in the past or does not hold any uncertain tax positions.
Another question we are asked:
Does a successor auditor in a limited scope audit have to comply with the requirements in AU-C section 510 of the professional standards related to obtaining information from the predecessor auditor?
Our answer? Yes. An auditor still needs to comply with AU-C section 510.
Simply put, EBP is not an area to enter into lightly. I cannot stress enough the importance of tapping into the right resources that specifically address EBP so you can provide quality services to your clients. The AICPA has a number of resources that provide key assistance for EBP auditors. Here are three additional ones you should know about and keep on hand, if needed:
The AICPA’s EBP Audit Quality Center. EBPAQC membership connects you to a community of peers through a membership center with tools and resources, regular e-alerts, a dedicated website with a robust member forum that keeps you abreast of the latest Department of Labor, accounting and auditing developments affecting your EBP audit clients.
AICPA EBP Publications. The Employee Benefit Plans: Audit & Accounting Guide and the Accounting Trends & Techniques: Employee Benefit Plans are targeted toward practitioners auditing in this area.
Conducting EBP audits can be a growth area for CPA firms. However, these specialized audits involve a level of knowledge and experience that requires dedication and diligence.
If you’re just getting your feet wet in the EBP audit world, I encourage you to avail yourself of the additional assistance and resources offered by the AICPA.
Robert Durak, CPA, CGMA, Director, Center for Plain English Accounting, American Institute of CPAs. Bob is the AICPA’s lead staff person on accounting and attest matters affecting private companies. Prior to joining the CPEA, Bob led the AICPA's development of the Financial Reporting Framework for Small- and Medium-sized Entities and speaks frequently across the country about private company financial reporting.
I often meet CPAs who are committed to enhancing their practices but are missing crucial intelligence that would allow them to benchmark their results against those of similar firms. If you could use thorough and meaningful data on how you compare with the competition, but you’re not sure how to get it, the AICPA PCPS/TSCPA National MAP Survey is your answer. The profession’s premier benchmarking study, which remains in the field until July 31, the National MAP Survey, offers participating CPAs a comprehensive platform to perform a personalized diagnostic review of their firm every two years, deriving important takeaways. The new dynamic reporting options make it easy to download reports in a variety of modes, including Excel, PowerPoint and PDF files, based on each firm’s needs.
The role of finance teams is expanding well beyond traditional accounting and financial reporting to encompass areas such as IT development, cyber security and strategic business planning. That’s according to a recent survey of CEOs, CFOs and other senior level Chartered Global Management Accountant designation holders. In addition to growth in the role of accounting and finance, the survey - conducted by the AICPA - found that business complexity has been increasing significantly, a trend that is expected to continue in the coming years.
With a new leadership team in place, the Internal Revenue Service Exempt Organizations Division has swiftly come together to introduce a shorter and easier application form (Form 1023-EZ, Streamlined Application for Recognition of Exemption Under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code) for organizations seeking section 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status. The IRS estimates up to 70% of all applicants will qualify to use the new streamlined approach.
Prior to the form’s July release, Tamera Ripperda, IRS Exempt Organizations Division’s newly appointed director, shared insights with CPAs at the AICPA Not-For-Profit Industry Conference and explained the significant role the simplified form will play in the new IRS transition process her team has internally dubbed: “Moving Exempt Organizations Forward.”
We’re halfway through the year and while there are many areas you can focus on to further develop your CPA practice, now is a great time to think about how you’re marketing your firm. It’s natural to think that effective marketing requires a commitment of extensive resources, but that isn’t necessarily true. A corporate blog is a marketing vehicle that can be managed by your existing staff.
A blog offers many opportunities: it allows you to demonstrate the expertise of you and your staff; it lets you showcase your values as a firm and convey your firm’s personality so you can attract the “right” clients; it allows you to answer frequently- asked questions and introduce potential clients to your staff. Another big advantage of blogging is that it can help your firm rank higher in search engine results.
No matter what you might have heard about the risks and long-term value of bitcoin, chances are good that your clients and employers will want to know more about how the adoption and use of digital currencies as a means of commerce may affect the way they do business.
Although bitcoin is still very much in its infancy, its impact should not be underestimated or ignored just because it is new and somewhat mysterious. Described by bitcoin.org as “a consensus network that enables a new payment system and a completely digital money,” bitcoin is not the only digital currency in today’s market. In fact, according to Coinmarketcap.com, there are 303 digital currencies in at least 637 markets, with trendy names such as “Litecoin,” and “Darkcoin.”
Chocolate is actually good for us? A glass of red wine per the doctor’s orders? These are just a few examples of seemingly incompatible matches that come together to deliver the most unexpected benefits. Balancing work commitments and a lifestyle that builds a healthy mind and body can be surprisingly symbiotic.
There’s no shortage of research reports and studies advising us of the need to exercise regularly. On the other hand, job responsibilities continue to broaden due to higher performance standards and greater unpredictability in the marketplace.
Due to the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 and the net investment income tax, many clients have no doubt experienced the impact of the new multi-layered tax environment. According to a panel of leading CPA financial planners, clients ranging from those with high net worth to those with middle income were shocked to be hit with the NIIT and higher tax rates this tax season, and have been receptive to proactive planning to mitigate in future years.
Consequently, 2014 is the year to sit down with your clients and provide proactive guidance, education, planning and expertise. Here are a few helpful tips from our panel of experts to help you do that.
While workplaces have become increasingly less formal and more business transactions are taking place outside traditional office settings, the line that separates business from personal can blur. It is important to maintain a certain level of workplace decorum, whether you are in the office or out at an office mixer. Be sure to observe the following pointers, which address a variety of scenarios:
In-person meetings. How you conduct yourself during an in-person meeting will leave a lasting impression on your boss and colleagues.
Be considerate of others’ time and communicate the purpose, duration and the items for discussion in advance. Thank attendees for their participation, and demonstrate your appreciation by promptly circulating a recap or minutes that document their contribution.
Don’t monopolize the conversation. Ensure that everyone has had a chance to speak their mind before ending the meeting.
Never assign an action item to someone not present until you have had an opportunity to negotiate it with them.
If you are attending another person's meeting, be respectful and resist the urge to multi-task. If you are waiting for an important phone call, turn your phone to vibrate or silent, and excuse yourself before answering. Otherwise, turn your devices off.
Regardless of the size of your business, somebody should be responsible for maintaining your company's fixed asset or depreciation schedule. Since in most cases this is not a full-time job, it may be neglected. Updating accounting records is unavoidable for most of us. However, many of us are incredibly busy. Who has time to pull out a fixed asset list - just to make an addition? If your company is large enough to employ an asset manager, you may be up to speed with fixed assets. If not, who is responsible for managing this schedule and do they have the information they need? New tax regulations that went into effect Jan. 1 allow organizations to go back and write off those assets on the books that are long gone. The regulations even allow for partial dispositions of "units of property" that previously were not permitted.
Many preparers and practitioners have been anxiously awaiting the new, converged revenue recognition standard for quite some time. The standard was released by the Financial Accounting Standards Board and the International Accounting Standards Board on May 28. How can we prepare for a smooth transition to the new standard? What major changes will we encounter as we begin implementing it? The new standard is principle-based, which is a big shift from the industry-specific guidance we have today. In preparation for this change in approach, the AICPA has established 16 industry task forces which are developing a new accounting guide containing helpful tips and illustrative examples for applying the new revenue recognition standard.
As the co-chairs of the Construction Contractors Revenue Recognition Task Force, we have been thinking about our major implementation issues for a while now. Here are our top 12 concerns so far.
In an ideal world, we would all be judged on merit, and managers, co-workers and clients would take the time to get to know us before formulating an opinion. Unfortunately, in the time-crunched real world, we don’t always have that luxury. People often make flash assessments based on limited interactions, or piece together opinions about our ability and professionalism from disparate impressions gleaned from superficial encounters. Alas, when it comes to others’ perceptions of us, the devil is in the details, providing us limitless opportunities to make a bad impression.
That’s where etiquette can help. Whether you are collaborating with co-workers, schmoozing potential clients or trying to impress the boss, relationships are critical to your career success. The diversity of the modern workplace and the hurried pace of business provides ample room for social missteps, but adhering to the basic tenants of business etiquette can insulate you from the most egregious offenses.
Since the release of the final tangible property regulations, practitioners and taxpayers have shared numerous concerns about their complexity and administrative burden. One of the most common complaints is the de minimis safe harbor election.
The de minimis safe harbor provision, if elected, allows a taxpayer to immediately deduct amounts paid to acquire, produce or improve tangible property and gives the taxpayer additional protection from future Internal Revenue Service examination adjustments. The safe harbor provision has two separate thresholds ($500 for taxpayers without an applicable financial statement and $5,000 for taxpayers with an AFS). A certified audited financial statement is considered an AFS but reviewed or compiled financial statements are not.
If you’re like me, the answer to that question has changed over the years. I’ve answered everything from “shortstop for the Kansas City Royals” to “managing partner of a CPA firm,” and everything in between—and there is a lot in between. But, whatever your career aspirations are, no matter what position you hope to have, or what industry you hope to be in when you retire, you will need people to help you get there.
People who turn lofty dreams and career aspirations into reality almost always have one thing in common: a tremendous network of people. How do you develop this network when you’re a young professional? Where do you begin? It seems daunting to think of going from the seemingly insignificant network you graduated with to the “who’s who” list that some partners at your firm carry with them. While you could go to every one of the grip-and-grin networking happy hours offered every month, how effective is that? Is that really the kind of interaction you’re seeking?
Last month, two big events happened in my professional world: DigitalNow, a conference for association professionals, in Nashville and AICPA governing Council’s spring 2014 meeting in Scottsdale, Ariz. I wanted to actively participate in both events, but how could I be in two places at the same time? Introducing…the hashtag.
What is a hashtag?
A hashtag is an online search term, most widely used on Twitter, which allows users to follow activity around certain topics.
There’s no need for media reports to tell us that business has changed more in the last few years than we could ever have imagined. We’ve seen first-hand how our role has moved in new directions, markets have become more competitive and a commitment to learning has risen as a must-have for success. Ironically, along with these challenges are tremendous benefits that have brought us greater leadership opportunities and job satisfaction, stronger team and organizational performance, and the latest in professional development.
As widespread as these benefits are, attaining them calls for resources designed for today’s business environment and the finance teams that drive it day after day, year after year. Yet, it can be overwhelming choosing from so many leadership and career resources on the market. To help ease the process, here are four recent CGMA releases:
Is the United States somewhat behind the rest of the world when it comes to embracing sustainability practices and reporting? Some seem to think so. However, a shift has occurred over the last couple of years as companies are beginning to recognize that sustainable business practices are simply good for business. This point was made in a conversation between Susan Coffey, AICPA Senior Vice President, Public Practice and Global Alliances, and Jessica Fries, Executive Chairman and Board Director of the Prince of Wales Accounting for Sustainability Project, also known as A4S. Many companies around the world are beginning to take notice of risks within their business models, such as their reliance on non-renewable forms of energy or their excessive water consumption, and are working toward replacing these practices with sustainable solutions.
It is important that we, as CPAs and trusted advisers, work on creating long-term relationships with clients at every opportunity. We cannot forget that public accounting has and always will be a people business. While it has a little bit to do with number crunching, most clients want to hire and retain a professional they trust and respect.
That includes you. Whether it is your first year as a CPA or you are a seasoned senior CPA, you are making direct contact with clients on a more frequent basis than many of your managers, directors and partners. As a result, your daily interactions with clients should not just be about getting the answers you need to complete your work papers. Instead, your client interactions should include a conscious effort to build credibility and a personal relationship.
Here is a collection of easy things you can do to start building positive relationships with new and existing clients.
Developed by the AICPA, this updated infographic highlights the role CPAs play in business and financial decisions. From Main Street to Wall Street, CPAs are the most trusted and objective financial experts. The below infographic has been updated with recent data.
The Q3/Q4 2014 CPA Exam score release timetable is now available. Score release timelines are updated biannually on AICPA Insights and on the CPA Exam website. For more information about score release and the scoring process, please visit the Psychometrics and Scoring web page.
Summer was always thought of as the time for sunny days at the beach, BBQs and bonfires. But these days most American adults equate summer with financial anxiety, according to a recent telephone survey conducted for the AICPA by Harris Poll.
According to the survey, about 6 in 10 U.S. adults (59 percent) said their financial tension during the summer matches or exceeds the stress they feel during the year-end holiday season. The AICPA’s National CPA Financial Literacy Commission has been reaching consumers with tips to help them alleviate the stress of summer by making smart financial decisions.
Suppose you are the owner of a convenience store. You purchase newspapers at a fair wholesale price from a man named Harry. Each morning Harry delivers a stack of newspapers to your shop by 6:30 a.m., prior to the morning rush.
At 6:00 a.m. one morning you are walking in your neighborhood and see Harry taking a stack of newspapers from a corner. Harry places the papers in his backpack and continues on his way.
Soon after, Harry arrives at your shop to make his usual delivery. Should you continue your business with him now that you have observed him taking those newspapers?
In 2008, the AICPA Professional Ethics Executive Committee and the AICPA Professional Ethics Division undertook a project to update the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct. The new code has been launched this week. Help us spread the news by sharing this infographic!
Auditing is at the very core of our profession; only CPAs are authorized by law to conduct financial statement audits. In today’s business environment, entities are increasingly interdependent and information and accountability have assumed a larger role in society. As a result, the CPA’s independent audit of an entity's financial statements is a vital service to investors, lenders, sureties, businesses, regulators and other participants in the marketplace. Mergers, acquisitions, the capital markets and credit sources depend not only on the information that management provides in financial statements, but also on the CPA’s audit opinion as to whether the financial statements are free of material misstatements, whether caused by error or fraud.
Whether you’re new to tax season or an experienced pro, there were probably times in the months leading up to April 15that brought new meaning to the term “multi-tasking.” Helping clients sift through back-up material, preparing and filing returns and keeping abreast of tax news, is an all-consuming process. Yet, tax season is also a time when you can easily overlook opportunities to improve your practice, strengthen client relationships and foster your professional development.
With April 15 comfortably behind you, now is the perfect time to look back and identify opportunities that can help grow your practice or help manage your staff. Here are five AICPA resources you might have kept on the back burner while you were in the throes of tax season.
My husband and I, both CPAs, are expecting a baby boy in August. Of course, being the fun-loving accountants that we are, as soon as we found out about the good news, we started thinking about tax planning for our new addition. Names, nursery theme, telling our family about the good news – those items could wait. But, tax planning, that was a today item.
I’ve been fortunate to work with many clients with children in my public accounting days, so I knew the general tax items that we needed to think about, such as tax credits, flexible spending accounts, household employee/nanny rules, etc. However, I wanted to refresh myself on these items and share some insights with anyone who has or will have a family. Here are some tips for you parents-to-be:
Is this a scenario you could relate to during busy season? It’s one of those days. Your schedule is jam packed. You’re working in overdrive to get it all done. The next thing you know, the receptionist buzzes you with news that one of your clients is in the lobby to drop off some paperwork. They would like to see you if you have a few minutes.
“ARGGHHH…not today!” you’re thinking. “I just don’t have time.” As tempting as it would be to decline the last minute request, you’re mindful that a client is right there in your office. That means you have the opportunity to amp your trust factor while they’re visiting. Maintaining a hands-off approach can make client retention tough. In my practice, the biggest complaint we hear from prospective clients who are considering a new firm is that their current tax expert never talks to them.
It’s here! The new revenue recognition standard, that is. I believe it is the most pervasive and across-the-board important topic that the Financial Accounting Standards Board and the International Accounting Standards Board could have tackled. This new standard eliminates the transaction and industry-specific guidance found in current U.S. GAAP and replaces it with a principle-based approach. Also, it applies to all public, private and not-for-profit entities. I implore you, no matter what your professional discipline, to pay attention to this new standard. And please, don’t get comfortable because the effective dates seem far off.
Are you sure the final words in the new standard are consistent with what you have been hearing to date about this project? Are you comforted in having specific revenue recognition rules replaced by a more principle-based approach? Are you confident that unwritten industry norms of accounting practice formed over decades are consistent with the new standard? In this video, AICPA Senior Technical Manager for Accounting Standards Kim Kushmerick provides an overview of the standard, in addition to highlighting key items to consider and helpful AICPA resources.
Crowdfunding is a popular but complex term. To some, it refers to a large campaign to raise money for charity. To others, it involves pre-ordering products that will be financed by the received contributions. Another form is equity crowdfunding, also known as crowd investing.
The concept of crowdfunding is not new. For hundreds of years, similar local models included citizens of a village or town have coming together to fund a project. These days the Internet makes it possible to operate similar models on a larger scale. It is an effective, transparent and democratic model to raise financing.
Many service men and women encounter challenges upon returning from active duty, including finding employment. Starting a business is an attractive option, but like many entrepreneurs, veterans need support. The good news is that CPAs are in a great position to offer help.
Thanks to the Veteran Fast Launch Initiative, U.S. veterans have the opportunity to gain free help from experts. Through AICPA’s partnership with SCORE, an organization that provides mentoring and training to entrepreneurs, this program connects veterans with CPAs across the country. CPA volunteers provide up to five hours of free financial advice to veterans on starting and growing a business.
I review LinkedIn profiles almost every day. By now, I have seen at least 2,000, and I just cringe when I see things that could or will hinder someone’s professional image. I am not in a position to advise people individually, so this blog is the next best thing.
Keep in mind that LinkedIn goes beyond looking good for recruiters. Even if you are not interested in a new job, your online image still needs attention. If anyone Googles you - a potential client or employer, your company’s VP, a former supervisor, a reporter or even a prospective date - your LinkedIn profile could easily be the first thing that shows up. You want your best foot forward all the time.